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Friday, May 1, 2020 | History

2 edition of Strategic nuclear parity and NATO defense doctrine found in the catalog.

Strategic nuclear parity and NATO defense doctrine

Raymond E Burrell

Strategic nuclear parity and NATO defense doctrine

  • 342 Want to read
  • 7 Currently reading

Published by National Defense University, Research Directorate in Washington .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization,
  • Strategy,
  • Nuclear warfare -- Safety measures

  • Edition Notes

    July 1978

    Statementby Raymond E. Burrell
    SeriesNational security affairs monograph -- 78-4
    ContributionsNational Defense University. Research Directorate
    The Physical Object
    Paginationvi, 35 p. ;
    Number of Pages35
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14861500M

      Accordingly, "to increase the credibility of NATO nuclear threats, the Alliance must deprive Russia of its overwhelming battlefield nuclear advantage [and] must plan for the development and deployment of a new generation of sub-strategic nuclear weapons to Europe." (53) Partisan politics plays a huge role when it comes to the INF crisis. If its convfntional forces could not carry on sustained combat, NATO would quickl9(face the awesome choice of defeat or resort to nuclear weapons. Given strategic nuclear parity and the disparity Author: Robert R. Bowie. The myth that the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) will use nuclear weapons if the Soviets invade western Europe still has strong deterrent value, but western European confidence is declining as the anti-nuclear movement grows in opposition to US efforts to increase nuclear strength. The.   MOSCOW — Russia's defense minister says the military has received a steady flow of new weapons, allowing it to maintain a "strategic parity" with NATO.


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Strategic nuclear parity and NATO defense doctrine by Raymond E Burrell Download PDF EPUB FB2

In Strategic nuclear parity and NATO defense doctrine book concisely written analysis, LTC Burrell investigates the evolution of NATO's defense strategy as it responds to changes in the US-Soviet nuclear relationship. The rise of the Soviet Union to strategic parity has been the underlying cause of the fundamental reformulations of NATO doctrine Cited by: 1.

Get this from a library. Strategic nuclear parity and NATO defense doctrine. [Raymond E Burrell; National Defense University. Research Directorate.]. evolution of NATO's defense strategy as it responds to changes in the US-Soviet nuclear relationship.

The rise of the Soviet Union to strategic parity has been the underlying cause of the fundamental reformulations of NATO doctrine over the past 25 years.

N^ defense doc-Cited by: 1. In July Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara Strategic nuclear parity and NATO defense doctrine book voiced similar concerns when he proposed a new doctrine for nuclear weapons, one which would place greater emphasis on counterforce targeting. Mutual(ly) assured destruction (MAD) is a doctrine of military strategy and national security policy in which a full-scale use of nuclear weapons by two or more opposing sides would cause the complete annihilation of both the attacker and the defender (see pre-emptive nuclear strike and second strike).

Strategic nuclear for ces are viewed as the basis for the combat might of the entire armed forces. This applies tlso to the Soviet's evaluation of U.S. military capabilities. Russia’s Military Strategy and Doctrine will be an essential reference for US national security thinkers, NATO defense planners and policymakers the world over who must deal with the potential.

By the s NATO had Strategic nuclear parity and NATO defense doctrine book to a “Flexible Response” nuclear doctrine: the alliance was prepared to use nuclear weapons, but would seek to win the war conventionally. This transatlantic consensus was made clear in the NATO Strategic Concept, which states: «The fundamental purpose of the nuclear forces of the Allies is political: to preserve peace and prevent coercion and any kind of war.

Strategic nuclear parity and NATO defense doctrine book What are Russia’s plans for its nuclear weapons. As tensions between Russia and the West have grown over the last two years, Kremlin officials have appeared to emphasize Russia’s nuclear capacity and perhaps even threaten its use. This has led some Western analysts to argue that Russia now has a low threshold for nuclear war: a terrifying proposition.

Overall this book is a noteworthy and necessary contribution to the renewed debate on the utility and appropriate constitution of the US nuclear arsenal. Kroenig’s preference for US strategic superiority seems to be echoed by the current presidential administration, a sharp departure from the past eight years.

Russia’s Nuclear Weapons: Doctrine, Forces, and Modernization Congressional Research Service 2 This report seeks to advise this debate by providing information about Russia’s nuclear doctrine, its current nuclear force structure, and its ongoing nuclear modernization programs. It is File Size: 1MB.

Defense Strategic nuclear parity and NATO defense doctrine book leaders are pursuing a significant and enduring effort to extend its military, technological and operational edge well into the future, Deputy Defense.

ensure strategic stability with the United States. This requires not only maintaining strategic nuclear parity to ensure a secure retaliatory capability, but also responses to existing and prospective U.S. ballistic missile defense and prompt global strike systems, which Moscow sees as potential threats to Russia’s nuclear Size: KB.

The monograph describes the movement of the defense doctrine of the Western Alliance as it changed from massive retaliation during the Eisenhower-Dulles period in the 's, to flexible response in the 's, into the current debate over deterrence and defense through conventional and tactical nuclear capability.

capability of its strategic nuclear triad. Russia’s nuclear force upgrade goals include replacing Soviet-legacy weapons with modern nuclear weapons, maintaining rough parity with the U.S.

nuclear arsenal, improving the survivability and efficiency of its nuclear weapons, and maintaining prestige on the international Size: 6MB. NATO will remain a nuclear alliance.

The supreme guarantee of the security of the Allies is provided by the strategic nuclear forces of the Alliance, particularly those of the United States; the independent strategic nuclear forces of the United Kingdom and France, which have a deterrent role of their own, contribute to the overall.

able strategic and theater nuclear forces. The United States no longer enjoys its former marked superiority. Because of the approximate U.S.-Soviet nuclear parity, it would be far more risky now to use U.S. theater nuclear forces to support NATO conventional defenses, if these were to falter.

The threat of Soviet retaliation might. As of the General Staff made clear its opposition to joint Russian-NATO exercises allegedly on the grounds of NATO enlargement and the improvement of missiles In fact, the military's enmity to NATO is due to the fact of its existence.

As the so called Ivanov doctrine of. This doctrinal re-examination springs from myriad motivations. For one, the emergence of nuclear parity between the super-powers at the strategic and theatre levels challenges the credibility of an early resort to nuclear weapons by NATO as a substitute for sufficient conventional by: 2.

According to the Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces, out of these 4, warheads, Russia had operational strategic nuclear warheads and deployed launchers and in March The same project divides Russia’s arsenal into the following parts.

The first leg of its triad is its strategic rocket forces, which are estimated to have   The Strategic Concept is an official document that outlines NATO’s enduring purpose and nature, and its fundamental security tasks.

It also identifies the central features of the new security environment, specifies the elements of the Alliance’s approach to security and provides guidelines for the adaptation of its military forces. While Russia appears to rely more heavily on nuclear weapons for its security than the United States due to its overall conventional inferiority and concerns about U.S.

missile defenses, is violating the INF Treaty, and developing new types of nuclear weapons, Russia’s official nuclear doctrine does not support the claim that it has an.

Strategic nuclear parity and NATO defense doctrine / By Raymond E. Burrell and National Defense University. Research Directorate. North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Nuclear warfare. Logically, nuclear parity should have caused NATO to shift from nuclear deterrence to conventional defense (and/or resulted in the Europeanization, and de-Americanization, of NATO's nuclear.

With the passage of time, the role of nuclear weapons in NATO defense strategy has changed significantly. By the s, the doctrine of massive retaliation has evolved into one of flexible response. Now that the Soviet Union has reached parity with the West in strategic forces, NATO's theater nuclear strategy has emerged as a critical issue.

Washington, D.C., Decem - The SAC [Strategic Air Command] Atomic Weapons Requirements Study forproduced in June and published today for the first time by the National Security Archiveprovides the most comprehensive and detailed list of nuclear targets and target systems that has ever been far as can be told, no.

Leaked US Defense Doctrine Outlines Nuclear-Weapons Strategy The world is one accident away from provoking a global conflict, according to Pope Francis. Peter Jesserer Smith. Air supremacy is a degree of air superiority where a side holds complete control of air warfare and air power over opposing forces.

They are levels of control of the air in warfare. Control of the air is the aerial equivalent of command of the sea. Air power has increasingly become a powerful element of military campaigns; military planners view having an environment of at least air superiority as a necessity.

Air. James Schlesinger’s Lifelong Creed of Public Service and the Schlesinger Doctrine. Keith B. Payne. Keith B. Payne is a co-founder of the National Institute for Public Policy, head of the Graduate School of Defense and Strategic Studies at Missouri State University and a former deputy assistant secretary of defense.

David McCullough’s biography of America’s second president, John. The NATO nuclear strategy is spelled out in two documents, which are paraphrased at length in the Senate report. One document is entitled “Over‐all Strategic Concept for the Defense of the. On DecemRussian President Vladimir Putin signed a new military doctrine for the Russian armed forces.

The document identifies the expansion of NATO and efforts to destabilize Russia and neighboring countries as the biggest security threats. Russian / Soviet Doctrine After the explosions of the first Soviet atomic device in l and the Soviet hydrogen bomb in l, the Soviet armed forces acquired nuclear weapons.

Also introduced in the s were ballistic- and cruise-missile technologies, jet engines, and artificial earth satellites, as well as computers and automated control.

With the U.S. recognition of Soviet strategic parity, arms control initially took the center stage; however, the period ended with revived confrontation and efforts to bolster U.S. nuclear forces. Although strategic force levels remained stable, new systems such as Trident and MX were introduced and policymakers renewed efforts to develop.

Russia’s military doctrine dictates the use of nuclear weapons in response to any non-nuclear assault on Russian territory. Russia’s military doctrine encompasses a broad range of potential national security threats, including local, or small-scale wars, regional, or large-scale wars, internal and foreign military threats, the Russian military’s budget, and a host of military-related.

Soviet Arms Doctrine in Flux: An Emphasis on the Defense. But the NATO doctrine holds out the threat of using nuclear weapons if a conventional defense fails. The Foundations of Russian Power: A foundational overview of the current status of and issues related to Russian economics, demographics, and politics.

Russian Military Strategy in the 21st Century: An examination of Russia’s threat perception and the role of deterrence; restoring great power status; Russia’s approach to the post-Soviet strategic environment; defense of the homeland; and. Russian Nuclear Doctrine.

that it required not only nuclear parity with the USA in strategic nuclear forces, but also theater and operational tactical parity with all the other nuclear states. Get this from a library. NATO's Theater Nuclear Forces: A Coherent Strategy for the 's.

[Jean D Reed; National Defense University.] -- With the passage of time, the role of nuclear weapons in NATO defense strategy has changed significantly. By the s, the doctrine of massive retaliation has evolved into one of flexible response.

Combined with Russia’s 1, strategic nuclear weapons, Moscow’s overall nuclear arsenal is 3, weapons versus 1, U.S. weapons ( tactical plus 1, strategic), a Author: Peter Vincent Pry. Steven Pifer examines NATO’s pdf background, lays out a number of questions the Alliance must consider as it thinks about its future nuclear posture, and outlines the .Nuclear warfare (sometimes atomic warfare or thermonuclear warfare) is a military conflict or download pdf strategy in which nuclear weaponry is used to inflict damage on the enemy.

Nuclear weapons are weapons of mass destruction; in contrast to conventional warfare, nuclear warfare can produce destruction in a much shorter time and can have a long-lasting radiological warfare result.Ebook rejected the old assumption that NATO did not need a direct counter to Warsaw Pact conventional forces because it could rely on tactical and strategic nuclear weapons, noting that the approximate nuclear parity between the United States and the Soviets in the s made this stand inappropriate.